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December 2016 Page 8 of 104

LIST OF ACRONYMS cont’d

PVOs Private Voluntary Organizations PWDs Persons with Disabilities RUYE Rural Youth Employment SALISES Sir Arthur Lewis Institute of Social and Economic Studies SDC Social Development Commission SLB Students’ Loan Bureau SPPRD Social Policy, Planning and Research Division SPS Social Protection Strategy SSN Social Safety Net STATIN Statistical Institute of Jamaica TRN Tax Registration Number TWG Thematic Working Groups UN United Nations UNDP United Nations Development Programme USAID United States Agency for International Development UWI University of the West Indies WHO World Health Organization

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———. Jamaica Survey of Living Conditions. Kingston: PIOJ. Various Editions.

———. Social Protection and Poverty Reduction Study Tour Report, Chile and Peru, October 5-16, 2014 Unpublished. ———. “Building the Assets of the Poor” Brazil Study Tour. Component 4, GoJ/World Bank Social Protection Project Report September 12-16, 2011. Unpublished ———. Vision 2030 Jamaica – National Development Plan. Kingston: PIOJ, 2009.

———. Vision 2030 Jamaica - Social Welfare and Vulnerable Groups Sector Plan, 2009c (unpublished).

———. Vision 2030 Jamaica – Poverty Reduction Strategic Plan, 2009d (unpublished).

———. Vision 2030 Jamaica – Social Security Sector Plan, 2009e (unpublished).

———. Vision 2030 Jamaica – Persons with Disabilities Sector Plan, 2009f (unpublished). Ricketts, Heather and Patricia Anderson, 2009. Parenting in Jamaica, Kingston; PIOJ Sir Arthur Lewis Institute of Social and Economic Studies. 2003. Report on the Evaluation of the National Poverty Eradication Programme (NPEP) in Jamaica. Unpublished. Statistical Institute of Jamaica. 2012. Demographic Statistics. Kingston: STATIN Statistical Institute of Jamaica. 2011. Jamaica Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey, 2011, Kingston, STATIN. Thomas, C. Y. 1988. The Poor and the Powerless: Economic Policy and Change in the Caribbean. London: Latin America Bureau. United Nations. 2013. The Millennium Development Goals Report 2013. New York: UN. ———. 2013. A New Global Partnership: Eradicate Poverty and Transform Economies through Sustainable Development. New York: UNDP. United Nations Development Programme. 2013. Humanity Divided: Confronting Inequality in Developing Countries. New York: UNDP. United Nations Development Programme et al. 1998. Implementing the 20/20 Initiative Achieving Universal Access to Basic Social Services. New York: UNICEF.

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Executive Summary

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In September 2017, Cabinet also approved the establishment of the National 2030 Agenda Oversight Committee4, that will provide oversight for monitoring the implementation of the SDGs. Membership includes PIOJ, STATIN, MFAFT and other MDAs, along with stakeholders from the private sector, civil society groups and academia. However, MoFPS, the entity responsible for the collection and allocation of public revenue to allow for socio-economic development, was not included in the SDG+Core+Group">National SDG Core Group. PIOJ invited the MoFPS to name a representative on the Committee">National 2030 Agenda Oversight Committee. The MoFPS is yet to name a representative to this Committee; at the same time, inclusion of the MoFPS at the level of the Core Group would facilitate continuous alignment of the medium to long-term funding for priority SDG projects with the Government’s fiscal program and strengthen coordination of funding arrangements.

Integration and Inclusiveness

3. Preparatory work towards achieving inclusiveness for the SDG implementation has begun. The

Cabinet-approved Roadmap for SDG Implementation in Jamaica considered vulnerable groups in each of its priorities to advance the implementation of the SDGs and recommended targeted strategies to protect these vulnerable groups. Further, targeted strategies for vulnerable groups are in place, which are coherent with Vision 2030 and other sectoral policies5. In October 2017, PIOJ through the support of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) engaged SALISES6 to develop a ‘Leaving No One Behind’ report to assess the extent to which these marginalised groups will impact the achievement of the SDGs. The Report also identified the main groups within the Jamaican society, which are at risk of ‘being left behind’ as well as, identified opportunities for increased social inclusion for at-risk groups.

4. In order to raise awareness regarding the SDGs and Vision 2030, PIOJ has initiated national consultation and engagement with various stakeholders. From January 2016 to December 2017, PIOJ through its SDGs and Vision 2030 Secretariats, conducted stakeholder consultations including the high-level ‘Dialogue for Development Series’, aimed at raising awareness among public and private- sector bodies including civil society and academia. PIOJ also executed awareness programmes through town hall meetings, presentations and displays to a wide cross-section of stakeholders.

4 Formerly the Inter-Ministerial Working Group 5 National Social Protection Strategy, National Policy on Gender Equality as well as the revision of the National Policy for Senior Citizens 6 Sir Arthur Lewis Institute of Social and Economic Studies (SALISES) of the University of the West Indies (UWI)

National SDG Core

Group

STATIN

Data Platform

PIOJ

National Focal Point

MFAFT

Diplomacy

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Chapter Three Integration of the 2030 Agenda into the National Context

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Chapter Three

Integration of the 2030 Agenda into the National Context The PIOJ assumed the role of National Focal Point for the SDGs, based on its mandate from GOJ to guide the process for the preparation of the Vision 2030 Jamaica - NDP. However, there is need for a clearer institutional framework to identify the entity accountable for the overall achievement of the SDGs. Further, MoFPS was not included in the National SDG Core Group and although invited by PIOJ to name a representative on the Committee">National 2030 Agenda Committee">Oversight Committee has not yet done so. The MoFPS inclusion in the Core Group as well as representation on the Committee">Oversight Committee could have reinforced the continuous alignment of the medium to long term funding arrangements for SDG implementation with the Government’s fiscal programme. In addition, although PIOJ has implemented a number of stakeholder awareness and engagement programmes, we saw no feedback mechanism to assess their effectiveness. Further, the Committee">National 2030 Agenda Committee">Oversight Committee established a Committee">Communications Sub-Committee in December 2017 to develop and lead the communication programme to build awareness and understanding of the SDGs over the lifespan of the project. However, it was in May 2018, that Sir Arthur Lewis Institute of Social and Economic Studies (SALISES) of the University of the West Indies finalised the Communications and Advocacy Roadmap, which the Committee will use as a guide.

Integration of the SDGs into National Planning Strategies, Policies and Processes 3.1 Successful implementation of SDGs requires high-level support, from the executive and legislative branches of government. This will enable integration of the SDGs into the NDP to achieve the MTF, as well as the 17 SDGs. It also demonstrates ownership of the goals and accountability for the outcomes. As such, we expected Jamaica’s Cabinet and Parliament to set the tone for stakeholder buy-in and participation at the preparedness stage, which would guide the MDAs towards achievement of the SDGs. 3.2 As part of the preparation process, a national Inter-Ministerial Working Group (IMWG) on the Post-2015 Development Agenda, co-chaired by PIOJ and MFAFT was established to formulate a National Outcome Document. This would outline the country’s priority areas to be included in the Post-2015 Development Agenda. We noted that PIOJ assumed the lead role based on its previously assigned responsibility to monitor the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and the development of Vision 2030 JamaicaNDP although we saw no documented evidence to support the responsibility assigned to PIOJ. A clearer institutional framework for accountability would provide support for PIOJ’s leadership role in coordinating the implementation of the SDGs, as well as the defined accountabilities in respect of MDAs, given the importance of integrating the SDGs into their corporate and operational plans.

3.3 Further, at the National SDG Core Group meeting held on April 3, 2018, it was reported that PIOJ conducted a SDG sensitization session with representatives from the Houses of Parliament. Subsequently, PIOJ requested the opportunity to solicit the views of the Internal and External Affairs Committee within the Houses of Parliament as part of Jamaica’s Voluntary National Review (VNR) process, as well as outline for consideration the approach to be taken with respect to matters relating to the SDGs. However, a schedule for this presentation has not been set, as to date, not all Parliamentary Committees have been reconstituted. The last meeting on record, for the Internal and External Affairs Committee was in October

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Chapter Three Integration of the 2030 Agenda into the National Context

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conference on SDGs, held in June 2017, assisted in deepening the engagement of regional stakeholders on mechanisms for attaining the SDGs. In February 2018, MFAFT addressed the diplomatic corps about the SDGs, which focused on the Government’s strategic priorities. 3.33 In October 2017, the PIOJ engaged Sir Arthur Lewis Institute of Social and Economic Studies (SALISES) of the University of the West Indies through the support of the UNDP to develop a Communication and Advocacy Roadmap aimed at sensitising the public on the SDGs. This Roadmap, which was finalized in May 2018, will guide the implementation of initiatives to increase awareness within the public domain and encourage citizens to assume ownership towards the achievement of the SDGs. In December 2017, the Committee">National 2030 Agenda Oversight Committee established a Committee">Communications Sub- Committee, which was charged among other responsibilities to lead the communication programme, in order to create awareness and understanding of the SDG. The Committee is expected to use the finalised Communications and Advocacy Roadmap as a guide. 3.34 The Communications Sub-Committee should align the Communication and Advocacy Road Map with the current strategies pursued by PIOJ. This will encourage the support of significant stakeholders as well as inform and increase knowledge among specific target groups.

Formal mechanisms for feedback

3.35 Feedback mechanisms existed for STATIN, but we saw no evidence that PIOJ had a formal mechanism to assess the effectiveness of its awareness programmes/initiatives undertaken. 3.36 A formal feedback mechanism is critical to ensure that PIOJ and STATIN obtain information from internal stakeholders (including MDAs) regarding SDG implementation, and utilise the issues raised to inform the communication strategy.

3.37 STATIN at its Data Quality Workshop series, documented participant’s feedback and lessons learnt to inform future workshops. STATIN conducted a Data Quality Workshop series with MDAs between October and December 2017 to coordinate the production and dissemination of the SDG indicators as well as to increase participants’ knowledge of quality assurance tools and techniques. STATIN utilised distinct channels to obtain formal feedback from participants who attended their data quality workshops. These included pre and post knowledge assessment questionnaires, training evaluation forms, as well as lessons learnt discussions. From this formal feedback mechanism, STATIN was able to assess the extent to which the workshop achieved the desired objectives. 3.38 PIOJ prepared reports after completing its Dialogue for Development series, detailing activities undertaken at the events. However, we saw no evidence that PIOJ collated the feedback given by the participants involved in the various discussions and presentations as PIOJ had not identified this activity as a priority. Given the absence of a formal mechanism to assess PIOJ’s communication activities, we were unable to determine the effectiveness of the awareness programmes.

3.39 As a key priority action, PIOJ should institute a feedback mechanism to assess the communication activities conducted island wide. This should enable PIOJ to track the effectiveness of the awareness programmes and make necessary changes to the communication strategies.

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